Key Study: The Marshmallow Test Across Cultures: German vs. Cameroon Kids (Lamm et al. 2018)
An example of how enculturation can influence behaviour.

Travis Dixon Developmental Psychology, Key Studies, Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

“The Marshmallow Test” was designed by Stanford Psychologist Walter Mischel in the 1960s. It’s a test of a kid’s ability to delay gratification – to wait for something they really want. The ability to delay gratification has been correlated with a number of successful outcomes, including doing better at school, getting higher SATs and being less likely to end up …

Exam Question Bank: Paper 1: Sociocultural Approach

Travis Dixon Assessment (IB), Revision and Exam Preparation, Social and Cultural Psychology 11 Comments

Disclaimer: These questions are not IB “official” questions and are written with our best guess as to what the probable exam questions may look like. Therefore, not every possible question is covered. Read More: IB Psychology Exam Question Banks Paper 1: Biological approach (Link) Paper 1: Cognitive approach (Link) Paper 1: HL Ext Bio Animal Studies (Link) Paper 1: HL Ext …

Cell phones at the dinner table – a qualitative observation (Radesky et al.)

Travis Dixon Qualitative Research Methods, Revision and Exam Preparation, Social and Cultural Psychology, Studies and Theories Leave a Comment

Mobile phones are everywhere and they are consuming more and more of our time. Could this be having an effect on family life? The researchers who conducted this study wanted to investigate how cell phones might influence the interactions of parents and children.  The researchers used a nonparticipant, covert observational method by watching a total of 55 caregivers eating with …

Exam Question Bank: HL Extension SocCult – Globalization

Travis Dixon IB Psychology HL Extensions, Revision and Exam Preparation, Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

One, two or all three essay questions in Paper 1, Section B will be based on the extension topics. Sociocultural Approach: Globalization Remember that the extension questions are created by combining the HL extension topics with the three topics in each of the approaches.  Sociocultural extension topics: “The influence of globalization on individual behaviour.” How globalization may influence behaviour The …

The sociocultural approach and diagnosis in Abnormal Psychology

Travis Dixon Abnormal Psychology, Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

Making an accurate diagnosis of a psychological disorder like depression or PTSD is very important. However, it’s not always easy and culture is one factor that can influence the validity and reliability of diagnosis.  Culture and Reporting Symptoms One factor that may affect diagnosis is culture. In particular, people from different cultures may report their symptoms differently. For example, a …

Key Studies: Effects of acculturation on behaviour (Torres et al. 2012 and Nap et al. 2014)

Travis Dixon Prejudice and Discrimination, Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

Acculturation may refer to assimilation, but it can also refer to Berry’s model of acculturation which outlines four way in which someone may adapt to a new culture. The type of acculturation a person experiences can affect their behaviour. More specifically, it may moderate the effects of prejudice and discrimination. Acculturation is the process of adapting and changing as a …

Key Study: Bandura’s Bobo Doll (1963)

Travis Dixon Criminology, Developmental Psychology, Key Studies, Social and Cultural Psychology, Studies and Theories Leave a Comment

Introduction In one of his earlier research studies (1961), Bandura showed that children exposed to an aggressive model would later copy those same aggressive behaviours, even if the child was in a different setting. This supports the idea that behavior can be learned through observation, which is the major claim of Social Learning Theory (SLT). TV and films have become …

Socio-cultural Etiology of PTSD: Socioeconomic status

Travis Dixon Abnormal Psychology, Biological Psychology, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

When you are writing an essay on etiologies, keep it simple to begin with. Find one basic etiology (brain abnormalities, appraisals or socioeconomic status) and explain how and why that’s linked with PTSD. Use simple studies to begin with, and then later in your essay explore the interactions of bio, cog and socio-cultural influences. Etiology – Socioeconomic status A common finding …

Key Study: FBM across cultures by Kulkofsky et al. (2011)

admin Cognitive Psychology, Social and Cultural Psychology 1 Comment

Relevant Topics: Emotion and Cognition & Cultural Dimensions This study compares flashbulb memory (FBM) formation across different cultures. It can be used to show the effects of one cultural dimension (individualism and collectivism) on behaviour (FBM formation). If you’re using FBM theory to explain how emotion can affect cognition, this could also be used in an essay as a counter-argument …

Sociocultural etiologies of bulimia nervosa (and studies)

Travis Dixon Abnormal Psychology, Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

Background Information Research has shown that body dissatisfaction is widespread amongst Western teenage girls and adult women. Furthermore, body dissatisfaction has been found to be an independent predictor of disordered eating. This makes it a significant risk factor in the development of Bulimia Nervosa (BN) and other eating disorders. Body dissatisfaction: being unhappy with one’s body. It’s usually measured by comparing …