Cell phones at the dinner table – a qualitative observation (Radesky et al.)

tdixon Qualitative Research Methods, Revision and Exam Preparation, Social and Cultural Psychology, Studies and Theories Leave a Comment

Mobile phones are everywhere and they are consuming more and more of our time. Could this be having an effect on family life? The researchers who conducted this study wanted to investigate how cell phones might influence the interactions of parents and children.  The researchers used a nonparticipant, covert observational method by watching a total of 55 caregivers eating with …

Exam Question Bank: HL Extension SocCult – Globalization

tdixon IB Psychology HL Extensions, Revision and Exam Preparation, Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

One, two or all three essay questions in Paper 1, Section B will be based on the extension topics. Sociocultural Approach: Globalization Sociocultural extension topics: “The influence of globalization on individual behaviour.” How globalization may influence behaviour The effect of the interaction of local and global influences on behaviour Methods used to study the influence of globalization on behaviour Sociocultural …

The sociocultural approach and diagnosis in Abnormal Psychology

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Making an accurate diagnosis of a psychological disorder like depression or PTSD is very important. However, it’s not always easy and culture is one factor that can influence the validity and reliability of diagnosis.  Culture and Reporting Symptoms One factor that may affect diagnosis is culture. In particular, people from different cultures may report their symptoms differently. For example, a …

Key Studies: Effects of acculturation on behaviour (Torres et al. 2012 and Nap et al. 2014)

tdixon Prejudice and Discrimination, Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

Acculturation may refer to assimilation, but it can also refer to Berry’s model of acculturation which outlines four way in which someone may adapt to a new culture. The type of acculturation a person experiences can affect their behaviour. More specifically, it may moderate the effects of prejudice and discrimination. Acculturation is the process of adapting and changing as a …

Key Study: Bandura’s Bobo Doll (1963)

tdixon Criminology, Developmental Psychology, Key Studies, Social and Cultural Psychology, Studies and Theories Leave a Comment

Introduction In one of his earlier research studies (1961), Bandura showed that children exposed to an aggressive model would later copy those same aggressive behaviours, even if the child was in a different setting. This supports the idea that behavior can be learned through observation, which is the major claim of Social Learning Theory (SLT). TV and films have become …

Socio-cultural Etiology of PTSD: Socioeconomic status

tdixon Abnormal Psychology, Biological Psychology, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

When you are writing an essay on etiologies, keep it simple to begin with. Find one basic etiology (brain abnormalities, appraisals or socioeconomic status) and explain how and why that’s linked with PTSD. Use simple studies to begin with, and then later in your essay explore the interactions of bio, cog and socio-cultural influences. Etiology – Socioeconomic status A common finding …

Key Study: FBM across cultures by Kulkofsky et al. (2011)

admin Cognitive Psychology, Social and Cultural Psychology 1 Comment

Relevant Topics: Emotion and Cognition & Cultural Dimensions This study compares flashbulb memory (FBM) formation across different cultures. It can be used to show the effects of one cultural dimension (individualism and collectivism) on behaviour (FBM formation). If you’re using FBM theory to explain how emotion can affect cognition, this could also be used in an essay as a counter-argument …

Sociocultural etiologies of bulimia nervosa (and studies)

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Background Information Research has shown that body dissatisfaction is widespread amongst Western teenage girls and adult women. Furthermore, body dissatisfaction has been found to be an independent predictor of disordered eating. This makes it a significant risk factor in the development of Bulimia Nervosa (BN) and other eating disorders. Body dissatisfaction: being unhappy with one’s body. It’s usually measured by comparing …

What is an “emic concept?”

tdixon Qualitative Research Methods, Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

This post is for the “old” syllabus (May and Nov 2018 exams) and is not needed for the new one. The LO for the old syllabus is: “Using one or more examples, explain “emic” and “etic” concepts.” An emic concept refers to an approach to research that involves studying behaviour in a single culture. This is different to an etic …

Stereotype Threat

tdixon Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

One way that stereotypes can have an effect on behaviour is by something called “stereotype threat.” This is defined as “being at risk of confirming, as a self-characteristic, a negative stereotype about one’s social group” (Steele & Aronson, 1995). In other words, you feel that you might behave in a way that confirms a stereotype about a group that you …