Socio-cultural Etiology of PTSD: Socioeconomic status

tdixon Abnormal Psychology, Biological Psychology, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

When you are writing an essay on etiologies, keep it simple to begin with. Find one basic etiology (brain abnormalities, appraisals or socioeconomic status) and explain how and why that’s linked with PTSD. Use simple studies to begin with, and then later in your essay explore the interactions of bio, cog and socio-cultural influences. Etiology – Socioeconomic status A common finding …

Key Study: FBM across cultures by Kulkofsky et al. (2011)

admin Cognitive Psychology, Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

Relevant Topics: Emotion and Cognition & Cultural Dimensions This study compares flashbulb memory (FBM) formation across different cultures. It can be used to show the effects of one cultural dimension (individualism and collectivism) on behaviour (FBM formation). If you’re using FBM theory to explain how emotion can affect cognition, this could also be used in an essay as a counter-argument …

Sociocultural etiologies of bulimia nervosa (and studies)

tdixon Abnormal Psychology, Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

Background Information Research has shown that body dissatisfaction is widespread amongst Western teenage girls and adult women. Furthermore, body dissatisfaction has been found to be an independent predictor of disordered eating. This makes it a significant risk factor in the development of Bulimia Nervosa (BN) and other eating disorders. Body dissatisfaction: being unhappy with one’s body. It’s usually measured by comparing …

What is an “emic concept?”

tdixon Qualitative Research Methods, Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

This post is for the “old” syllabus (May and Nov 2018 exams) and is not needed for the new one. The LO for the old syllabus is: “Using one or more examples, explain “emic” and “etic” concepts.” An emic concept refers to an approach to research that involves studying behaviour in a single culture. This is different to an etic …

Stereotype Threat

tdixon Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

One way that stereotypes can have an effect on behaviour is by something called “stereotype threat.” This is defined as “being at risk of confirming, as a self-characteristic, a negative stereotype about one’s social group” (Steele & Aronson, 1995). In other words, you feel that you might behave in a way that confirms a stereotype about a group that you …

Schema Theory and Stereotypes

tdixon Social and Cultural Psychology 1 Comment

One way to explain how stereotypes are formed is to use the claims of schema theory. To recap, schema theory argues that we organize information in our mind by unconsciously creating categories (these categories are the schemas). We do this because we encounter millions of units of information on a daily basis and if we didn’t simplify this information into …

Key Study: Stereotypes, Social Identity Theory and the Out-group Homogeneity Effect (Park and Rothbart, 1982)

tdixon Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

Background Information This study can be used to support the out-group homogeneity effect’s explanation of stereotype formation. The out-group homogeneity effect is a hypothesis that claims members of in-groups will perceive members of their own group as being more diverse than an out-group and they will perceive out-group members as being more similar to one another. If things are homogeneous …

Lesson Idea: Origins of Conflict

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Your Task There are five resources below that you will need to complete this task. Working with your group, it’s a race to see who can answer this question first: All of these conflicts started for the same reason. What is that reason? Source 1: The “Beaver Wars” (Warpaths2peacepipes) This article summarizes a conflict in North America in the late …

Lesson Idea: Acculturation Strategies

tdixon Social and Cultural Psychology 2 Comments

This activity is designed to help students understant Berry’s four different acculturation strategies. Read the summaries below of how these immigrants have adjusted to life in their new culture. What strategy have they used? Assimilation, integration, separation or marginalization? Read about the four different strategies in this post. Monica – Is a 16 year old Egyptian girl who moved to …

What is “acculturation?”

tdixon Social and Cultural Psychology 1 Comment

Acculturation is the process of interacting with a new culture and adjust to life in that new culture. How we acculturate can affect our behaviour, including our mental health. In IB Psychology, we’re required to study how this process of interacting with new culture can affect our behaviour. For this reason, when you see the term “acculturation” it might be …