Key Study: The Marshmallow Test Across Cultures: German vs. Cameroon Kids (Lamm et al. 2018)
An example of how enculturation can influence behaviour.

Travis Dixon Developmental Psychology, Key Studies, Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

“The Marshmallow Test” was designed by Stanford Psychologist Walter Mischel in the 1960s. It’s a test of a kid’s ability to delay gratification – to wait for something they really want. The ability to delay gratification has been correlated with a number of successful outcomes, including doing better at school, getting higher SATs and being less likely to end up …

Computer games and the brain: A summary with two key studies

Travis Dixon Biological Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Key Studies, Studies and Theories Leave a Comment

In this post we look at the positive effects of playing computer games by looking at how it might affect the brain, both in young and old people. We know from many MRI studies that our brain changes as a result of experience – this is called neuroplasticity. Therefore, it’s not unrealistic to think that hours spent playing video games …

Key Study: Bandura’s Bobo Doll (1963)

Travis Dixon Criminology, Developmental Psychology, Key Studies, Social and Cultural Psychology, Studies and Theories Leave a Comment

Introduction In one of his earlier research studies (1961), Bandura showed that children exposed to an aggressive model would later copy those same aggressive behaviours, even if the child was in a different setting. This supports the idea that behavior can be learned through observation, which is the major claim of Social Learning Theory (SLT). TV and films have become …