Key study: Subjective social status and stress in teenagers (Rahal et al. 2019)

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Social status is an important predictor of numerous mental and physical health problems. Generally speaking, the lower your social status, the more at risk you are for developing health problems, like chronic stress and heart disease. While socioeconomic status has been extensively researched, more modern studies are focusing on subjective social status. This is particularly relevant for understanding stress in teenagers. …

Example Exam Essay: Prevalence rates of one health problem (IB Health Psychology)

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Discussing “prevalence rates” is easy when you’re writing about psychological disorders. That’s because these disorders have standardized diagnoses. You can calculate a specific % of the population who have depression, for example, and that is your “prevalence rate.” It might be more difficult in Health Psychology. For some health problems the same is true. Obesity, cardiovascular disease and addiction are …

Cognitive explanations of one health problem: Appraisals and stress

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The following content is adapted from our eBook Stress: A Student’s Guide for IB Health Psychology. Stress is one health problem that students could explain for IB Psychology’s Paper Two. In this post we’ll look at the most common cognitive explanation of stress – cognitive appraisals. Humans are different from other animals in that stress can be caused completely by …

Key Study: Stress beliefs and health problems (Fischer et al., 2016)

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The following information is adapted from our eBook: IB Health Psychology – A Revision Guide. Why do people develop physical health problems? One answer could be based on stress beliefs – if you think stress is bad you might be more likely to have health problems. This was one finding from the following study.  Stress is correlated with a number …

Exam Question Bank: Paper 2: Health Psychology

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The following are a list of practice exam questions for IB Psychology’s Health Option in Paper Two. This list contains past exam questions and some written with our best guess as to what the probable exam questions may look like.  READ MORE  IB Psychology Exam Question Banks Paper 1: Biological approach (Link) Paper 1: HL Ext Bio Animal Studies (Link) …

Key Study: Cognitive appraisals and the stress response (Lazarus, 1963)

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The most influential cognitive explanation of stress is based on “cognitive appraisals” – how we assess the relevance and potential harm of a stressor. The following study is one of many that supports this explanation. Stress is a complex phenomenon that involves biological, psychological and environmental factors. Richard Lazarus was a pre-eminent psychologist in the field of stress research. Along …

IB Health Psychology | HOME PAGE

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The following is a work in progress.  Health Psychology in IB Psychology requires the study of one or more “Health Problems.” These should come from one of the following:  Stress Addiction Obesity Chronic pain Sexual health  IB Health Psychology – Option Overview Exam Tips For each “topic” there will be one exam question in Paper Two. This means you only have to …

Stress and the Hippocampus

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The following is adapted from our eBook for Health Psychology: “Stress and how to cope: A Health Psychology guide for IB Students” (Coming soon). Not all of this content could make the final cut. So read on if you’re interested in how your hippocampus could be causing you stress.  IB Psych Health: This content is relevant for biological explanations of health problems …

Generalizability in Animal Studies: Cognition and Culture

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Generalizability is the extent to which we can confidently predict the results of a study would apply to a different context, including different people, places, and procedures. When considering the extent to which we can generalize findings from animal studies, we are considering how confidently we could predict the same finding in humans. For example, animal studies like Sapolsky’s research …

Key Study: Social status and stress in Olive Baboons (Sapolsky, 1990)

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An interesting finding in the field of stress and health psychology is that people with higher social status are generally in better health: they have lower rates of heart disease, are less obese and live longer. Why? One reason could be because they are less stressed.  A lot of our knowledge about stress and health comes from animal studies, particularly those …