Key Studies: Reconstructive memory

tdixon Cognitive Psychology, Criminology, Studies and Theories Leave a Comment

False Memories and the Misinformation Effect Background Information Elizabeth Loftus is a prominent memory researcher whose work has had significant impacts on the legal system in the United States. She is often called on to testify in legal cases against eye-witness testimony. In the past, if an eyewitness claimed that they saw someone commit a crime they would almost definitely …

Schema Theory: A Summary

tdixon Cognitive Psychology, Studies and Theories 4 Comments

In order to describe schema theory accurately, you need to know: What is schema theory? What is a schema? What are the characteristics and functions of schema? (These are the key claims of schema theory). How can schema influence our thinking and/or our behaviour? In order to explain schema theory, you need to understand: How can claims of schema theory be …

Flashbulb Memory Theory (Brown and Kulik, 1977)

tdixon Cognitive Psychology, Studies and Theories 4 Comments

Flashbulb memories are “memories for the circumstances in which one first learned of a very surprising and consequential (or emotionally arousing) event.” (Brown and Kulik, 1977). For example, remembering where you were when you found out you got accepted into your dream college, that a loved one had passed away or a public news event like the death of a …

T.E.A.C.U.P…and why I don’t use it.

tdixon Revision and Exam Preparation, Studies and Theories, Teaching Ideas Leave a Comment

Yesterday I posted about how to evaluate psychological theories in three simple steps. I mentioned John Crane’s popular acronym T.E.A.C.U.P, which stands for: testable, evidence, applications, construct validity, unbiased and predictive validity. (It can be found on John’s website, too). This is an alternative to my “Let’s make a DEAL” framework for evaluating theories. You can see that my DEAL framework …

Let’s make a D.E.A.L – evaluating theories in three simple steps

tdixon Revision and Exam Preparation, Studies and Theories, Teaching Ideas 3 Comments

I teach my students to look for three things when evaluating theories: Evidence Applications Limitations Let’s make a D.E.A.L Most students are capable of independently explaining these three things. When teaching essay writing on theories I teach students to use my own “Let’s make a D.E.A.L” strategy and not TEACUP. D.E.A.L Describe the theory Explain the Evidence Applications of the theory …

Social Identity Theory: A Brief Summary for Students

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On the surface, Tajfel and Turner’s social identity theory can seem complex as there are multiple parts and some of the ideas are really abstract. In our themantic approach we try to break it down, lesson-by-lesson so each of the major concepts of social identity theory are introduced gradually. Remember that one of the first questions you should ask when trying to understand …