Key Study: Schemas and Story Interpretations (Anderson et al., 1976)

Travis Dixon Cognitive Psychology, Key Studies, Studies and Theories 1 Comment

“No two people read the same novel or watch the same movie.” This is one of my favourite sayings as an English teacher. It conveys the simple fact that our interpretations of stories are based on our personalities, our experiences, our biases, our schemas. While this might be common knowledge now, in the 1970s it was being slowly revealed through …

Key Study: The Office Schema Study (Brewer and Treyens, 1981)

Travis Dixon Cognitive Psychology, Key Studies Leave a Comment

Our life’s memories are filed away in our long-term memory and our mind categories these into clusters, which we call schema. These schema then affect how we process new information and remember old information. At least, these are the claims of schema theory. In this post we’ll look at how these claims are supported by a classic study.  Because of …

How to “explain additional ethical considerations that could be taken into account when applying the findings.”

Travis Dixon Revision and Exam Preparation Leave a Comment

The following has been adapted from our IB revision textbook, now available as an online textbook. IB Psychology’s Paper 3 will have a question on ethical considerations. One of these questions asks you to “describe the ethical considerations in reporting the results…” This is comparatively easy to the second part of this question, “…and explain additional ethical considerations that could …

How to “describe the ethical considerations in reporting the results” in Paper 3

Travis Dixon Revision and Exam Preparation Leave a Comment

The following has been adapted from our IB revision textbook, now available as an online textbook. IB Psychology’s Paper 3 will have a question on ethical considerations. One of these questions asks you to “describe the ethical considerations in reporting the results” of the study summarized in the stimulus material. Let’s look at how you can score full marks (3/3) …

How to “explain if further considerations could be applied” in Paper 3.

Travis Dixon Revision and Exam Preparation Leave a Comment

The following has been adapted from our IB revision textbook, now available as an online textbook. In the new IB Psychology Paper 3, you may be asked to describe the ethical considerations that were applied in the study  and “explain if further considerations could be applied.” This question is a little misleading, so let’s look at how you can score …

How to “describe the ethical considerations that were applied in the study.”

Travis Dixon Revision and Exam Preparation Leave a Comment

The following has been adapted from our IB revision textbook, now available as an online textbook. In the new IB Psychology Paper 3, you may be asked to “describe the ethical considerations that were applied in the study.” This post explains how.  The most important thing to know about Question 2 in Paper 3 is that it’s worth 6 marks …

Applications of the working memory model (Baddeley and Hitch, 1974)

Travis Dixon Cognitive Psychology Leave a Comment

Theories and models in psychology can be evaluated based on their empirical evidence and their validity in explaining and predicting human behaviour. But they can also be judged on their productiveness – the extent to which they’ve inspired and provoked further research and applications in various fields. In this post, we’ll look at the various contributions the WMM has made …

Memory Effects & The Working Memory Model

Travis Dixon Cognitive Psychology Leave a Comment

Want to improve your memory? The secret is to understand your working memory. In this post, we’ll review some factors that can reduce memory and then explain these using Baddeley and Hitch’s working memory model. The Articulatory Suppression Effect The articulatory suppression effect happens when memory decreases because researchers block (suppress) someone’s ability to rehearse (articulate) information they’re trying to remember.  …

How to answer Paper 3, Question 1 (a, b & c)

Travis Dixon IB Psychology, Revision and Exam Preparation Leave a Comment

The following has been adapted from our textbook “IB Psychology: A Revision Guide.” (Now available as an online textbook). All HL students should score 100% (9/9) for the first questions in Paper 3 because it’s so easy. But most don’t because they make basic mistakes. Let’s look at the best and simplest way to answer these three questions. We know …