Command Terms and Definitions

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The command terms are the verbs at the start of IB exam questions. While they be important, they are actually far less important than many people think.  Command terms in SAQs Short-answer questions (SAQs) may use one of three command terms in IB Psychology exams: outline, describe and explain. However, you don’t need to worry about the differences in these …

What’s the difference between outline and describe?

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There is none. Quite simply, in an exam sense there is no difference between outline and describe and so if you’re worried about “meeting the demands of the command term” and trying to understand the nuances between these, don’t bother. There is one difference – the definition. A “detailed” (describe) account versus a “brief” (outline) account. But if you think …

BLA Research Methods Example Essay (ERQ)

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Exemplar Essay: Research Methods Biological Level of Analysis Paper One. Part B: Discuss how and why one particular research method is used at the biological level of analysis. (22) One research method that is used at the biological level of analysis (BLA) is the experimental method. The experimental method is when researchers manipulate one or more independent variables in order …

IB Psychology Past Exam Papers

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A note on past papers: Past Psych specimen papers are available on the IB OCC website. If you’re a student, your teacher will be able to access these. You can also purchase these from the IB Online Store. However, except for Paper 3 (Qualitative Research), I really don’t think you need to worry about viewing past papers too much; the questions …

Evaluating Psychological Research (Studies and Theories)

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The term “research” in IB Psychology refers to theories and studies. It is absolutely essential to develop the skill of being able to THEORIES (Link) The above link will take you to a page that has some good guidelines on how to go about evaluating a psychological theory. STUDIES (Link) There are lots of ways to evaluate psychological studies. The …

Stating an Aim Clearly

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How is the aim of an experiment stated? Being able to clearly state the aim of an experiment, or any study, is important for when you want to clearly describe a study. It is also a key part of the internal assessment. Since the purpose (or aim) of conducting a “true” laboratory experiment is to investigate a cause and effect relationship between …

Hypotheses

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What are experimental hypothesis and null hypotheses? (HL Only) Null Hypothesis The null hypothesis states that no significant difference is expected to be found between the groups on the measure of the dependent variable, and that any difference found is due to chance. This will become important later on when you apply the inferential statistics to your data. The purpose of …

Example SAR: Animal Studies at the BLA

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Example SAR: Animal studies can provide an insight into human behaviour. One principle of the biological level of analysis states that animal studies can provide an insight into human behaviour. This can be shown by looking at Rosenzweig and Bennett’s experiments. The biological level of analysis attempts to study and understand human behaviour by measuring and observing the effects biology …

Answering Questions in IB Psychology: An Introduction

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How do we know what we know in Psychology? Research!  Throughout this course and in almost every lesson you’re going to be asked to answer questions, such as*: How do levels of serotonin influence behaviour? What causes depression? Can we trust our memory? In answering all of these questions you need to use research to support your answer. Research means …

Criminology: Assessment

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  “Are criminals born or made?” Due Date: November 25th This is the question that you are considering in your project for this unit. I’m hoping that by the end of this first unit you’ll realise that it’s probably not going to be a simple answer. The origins of violent crime are complex and your answer should reflect these complexities. …