Practice Paper 3 – Observation of Hospitals – MARK SCHEME

admin Assessment (IB), Qualitative Research Methods, Research Methodology, Revision and Exam Preparation Leave a Comment

The following is a mark scheme to be used as a guide when marking answers to THIS PRACTICE PAPER THREE. 1.(a) Identify the research method used and outline two characteristics of the method. Method = covert participant observation (1 mark) participant observations involve the researcher becoming a member of the group they’re being observed (in this case they were a …

Practice Paper 3 – Observation of Hospitals

admin Assessment (IB), Qualitative Research Methods, Research Methodology, Revision and Exam Preparation 2 Comments

The following is a summary of a study that can be used for practice when preparing for the new Paper 3. You have one hour and need to answer all five questions. The stimulus material below is based on a research article. People living in poverty find it difficult to access health care resources (e.g. medical treatment, Doctor’s appointments, vaccinations, …

Socio-cultural Etiology of PTSD: Socioeconomic status

tdixon Abnormal Psychology, Biological Psychology, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

When you are writing an essay on etiologies, keep it simple to begin with. Find one basic etiology (brain abnormalities, appraisals or socioeconomic status) and explain how and why that’s linked with PTSD. Use simple studies to begin with, and then later in your essay explore the interactions of bio, cog and socio-cultural influences. Etiology – Socioeconomic status A common finding …

Cognitive Etiology of PTSD: Appraisals

tdixon Abnormal Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Leave a Comment

You can prepare for Paper 2 – Abnormal Psychology – by getting ready to answer any question from just the “Etiologies of abnormal psychology” topic. If you are using this strategy, you need to make sure you can explain biological, cognitive and sociocultural etiologies.  Etiology – Cognitive appraisals (and re-appraisals) Cognitive Appraisal: In the context of PTSD, cognitive appraisal refers …

Key Study: Buss’ cross-cultural study on mate preference (1989)

tdixon Biological Psychology, Human Relationships, Love and Marriage Leave a Comment

Background Information There are numerous factors that influence our mate selection. You may already be familiar with some of these factors from previous studies, such as MHC genes, facial characteristics, proximity and familiarity, among others. Some of these factors operate on an unconscious level, that is to say, we are not aware that they are influencing our decisions. For instance, …

Key Studies: Reconstructive memory

tdixon Cognitive Psychology, Criminology, Studies and Theories Leave a Comment

False Memories and the Misinformation Effect Background Information Elizabeth Loftus is a prominent memory researcher whose work has had significant impacts on the legal system in the United States. She is often called on to testify in legal cases against eye-witness testimony. In the past, if an eyewitness claimed that they saw someone commit a crime they would almost definitely …

Key Study: Multi-store Model – The Primacy and Recency Effects

tdixon Cognitive Psychology 1 Comment

The following has been adapted from IB Psychology: A Student’s Guide Evidence for MSM: Serial position effect (primacy and recency effects) The serial position effect (aka primacy and recency effect) is a cognitive phenomenon whereby people tend to remember the first (primacy) and last (recency) items in a series. This provides evidence for the MSM: people tend to remember the first items …

Key Study for the Dual Processing Model (Thinking and Decision Making)

tdixon Cognitive Psychology Leave a Comment

The following is adapted from: “IB Psychology: A Revision Guide.” Tversky and Kahneman spent many years studying people’s thinking and decision making. As a result, they devised a dual processing model that attempts to explain two systems people use when processing information: system one and system two. The system used to process information can affect our decision making. System one …

Genetic similarities – twin and kinship studies on antisocial behaviour and aggression

tdixon Biological Psychology, Research Methodology Leave a Comment

Clarifications to the new IB Psychology guide (first exams May 2019) has said that students might be asked specifically about twin and/or kinship studies to discuss “genetic similarities.” This blog post can be used as supplementary information if required. How and why twin studies are used in psychology Twin studies gather groups of monozygotic (MZ – identical) and dizygotic (DZ – …