How to “describe the ethical considerations in reporting the results” in Paper 3

Travis Dixon Revision and Exam Preparation Leave a Comment

The following has been adapted from our IB revision textbook, now available as an online textbook. IB Psychology’s Paper 3 will have a question on ethical considerations. One of these questions asks you to “describe the ethical considerations in reporting the results” of the study summarized in the stimulus material. Let’s look at how you can score full marks (3/3) …

How to “explain if further considerations could be applied” in Paper 3.

Travis Dixon Revision and Exam Preparation Leave a Comment

The following has been adapted from our IB revision textbook, now available as an online textbook. In the new IB Psychology Paper 3, you may be asked to describe the ethical considerations that were applied in the study  and “explain if further considerations could be applied.” This question is a little misleading, so let’s look at how you can score …

How to “describe the ethical considerations that were applied in the study.”

Travis Dixon Revision and Exam Preparation Leave a Comment

The following has been adapted from our IB revision textbook, now available as an online textbook. In the new IB Psychology Paper 3, you may be asked to “describe the ethical considerations that were applied in the study.” This post explains how.  The most important thing to know about Question 2 in Paper 3 is that it’s worth 6 marks …

Applications of the working memory model (Baddeley and Hitch, 1974)

Travis Dixon Cognitive Psychology Leave a Comment

Theories and models in psychology can be evaluated based on their empirical evidence and their validity in explaining and predicting human behaviour. But they can also be judged on their productiveness – the extent to which they’ve inspired and provoked further research and applications in various fields. In this post, we’ll look at the various contributions the WMM has made …

Memory Effects & The Working Memory Model

Travis Dixon Cognitive Psychology 2 Comments

Want to improve your memory? The secret is to understand your working memory. In this post, we’ll review some factors that can reduce memory and then explain these using Baddeley and Hitch’s working memory model. The Articulatory Suppression Effect The articulatory suppression effect happens when memory decreases because researchers block (suppress) someone’s ability to rehearse (articulate) information they’re trying to remember.  …

How to answer Paper 3, Question 1 (a, b & c)

Travis Dixon IB Psychology, Revision and Exam Preparation Leave a Comment

The following has been adapted from our textbook “IB Psychology: A Revision Guide.” (Now available as an online textbook). All HL students should score 100% (9/9) for the first questions in Paper 3 because it’s so easy. But most don’t because they make basic mistakes. Let’s look at the best and simplest way to answer these three questions. We know …

Four things you didn’t know about the multi-store model of memory

Travis Dixon Cognitive Psychology 4 Comments

It’s in all the textbooks and every introduction to psychology course, but here are some things you didn’t know about Atkinson and Shiffrin’s multi-store model of memory.  #1. There’s a store within the store The short-term store is where we temporarily hold information in our working memory. If it’s rehearsed enough it will transfer to the long-term store. But did …

Limitations of the multi-store model of memory (Atkinson and Shiffrin, 1968)

Travis Dixon Cognitive Psychology 1 Comment

Atkinson and Shiffrin’s MSM is over 50 years old yet it’s still in every introduction to Psychology textbook and still influences modern psychologists. But it’s not without its critics. This post will examine some of their critiques. Because the MSM was so popular, it received a lot of criticism. But “…criticism could itself be viewed as a success, given the …

Key Study: Levels of Processing (Craik and Tulving, 1975)

Travis Dixon Cognitive Psychology Leave a Comment

Background Information The multi-store model of memory (MSM), while straightforward, seemingly common sense, and with plenty of empirical support, is not without its limitations. Do you really need to pay attention to, and rehearse, all sensory information in order for it to be transferred to your long-term memory? Take, for instance, experiences of traumatic or emotionally shocking events (e.g. Flashbulb …