Unit 4. Bias in shared knowledgeLesson 40. Naïve theories 4.1. Bias in Natural Sciences Exhibition: a refracting telescope Story: Discovery of Neptune Lesson 41. Demarcation problem Lesson 42. Falsifiability Lesson 43. Scientific progress Lesson 44. Underdetermination of scientific theories Lesson 45. Theory-laden facts Lesson 46. Verisimilitude Lesson 47. Paradigm shifts Lesson 48. Incommensurability 4.2. Bias in History Exhibition: British History for Dummies Story: The Battle of Waterloo Lesson 49. Historical interpretation Lesson 50. Historical perspectives Lesson 51. Historical objectivity and historical facts Lesson 52. Historical objectivity and rival interpretations Lesson 53. Historical objectivity and ethics Lesson 54. Heteroglossia (in theory) Lesson 55. Multiperspectivity (in practice) 4.3. Bias in Mathematics Exhibition: a FIFA football Story: George Dantzig’s homework Lesson 56. Proof Lesson 57. Axiomatic systems Lesson 58. Discovered or invented? Truth in mathematics Lesson 59. Consistency Lesson 60. Mathematical realism Lesson 61. Overview: bias in mathematics, natural sciences and history |