Key Study: Bandura’s Bobo Doll (1963)

Travis Dixon Criminology, Developmental Psychology, Key Studies, Social and Cultural Psychology, Studies and Theories Leave a Comment

Introduction In one of his earlier research studies (1961), Bandura showed that children exposed to an aggressive model would later copy those same aggressive behaviours, even if the child was in a different setting. This supports the idea that behavior can be learned through observation, which is the major claim of Social Learning Theory (SLT). TV and films have become …

Key Studies: Reconstructive memory

Travis Dixon Cognitive Psychology, Criminology, Studies and Theories Leave a Comment

False Memories and the Misinformation Effect Background Information Elizabeth Loftus is a prominent memory researcher whose work has had significant impacts on the legal system in the United States. She is often called on to testify in legal cases against eye-witness testimony. In the past, if an eyewitness claimed that they saw someone commit a crime they would almost definitely …

Schema Theory: A Summary

Travis Dixon Cognitive Psychology, Studies and Theories 5 Comments

Updated, July 2020 Schema theory is perhaps the most difficult theory in psychology to comprehend. But once you understand it, you’ll see the effects of schema everywhere. In this post, we’ll break down the theory step-by-step.  What is schema theory? Schema theory’s central claim is that our knowledge of the world is organized and categorized, which can influence our cognition …

Flashbulb Memory Theory (Brown and Kulik, 1977)

Travis Dixon Cognitive Psychology, Studies and Theories 9 Comments

Flashbulb memories are “memories for the circumstances in which one first learned of a very surprising and consequential (or emotionally arousing) event.” (Brown and Kulik, 1977). For example, remembering where you were when you found out you got accepted into your dream college, that a loved one had passed away or a public news event like the death of a …

T.E.A.C.U.P…and why I don’t use it.

Travis Dixon Revision and Exam Preparation, Studies and Theories, Teaching Ideas Leave a Comment

Yesterday I posted about how to evaluate psychological theories in three simple steps. I mentioned John Crane’s popular acronym T.E.A.C.U.P, which stands for: testable, evidence, applications, construct validity, unbiased and predictive validity. (It can be found on John’s website, too). This is an alternative to my “Let’s make a DEAL” framework for evaluating theories. You can see that my DEAL framework …

Let’s make a D.E.A.L – evaluating theories in three simple steps

Travis Dixon Revision and Exam Preparation, Studies and Theories, Teaching Ideas 3 Comments

I teach my students to look for three things when evaluating theories: Evidence Applications Limitations Let’s make a D.E.A.L Most students are capable of independently explaining these three things. When teaching essay writing on theories I teach students to use my own “Let’s make a D.E.A.L” strategy and not TEACUP. D.E.A.L Describe the theory Explain the Evidence Applications of the theory …

Social Identity Theory: A Brief Summary for Students

Travis Dixon Revision and Exam Preparation, Studies and Theories Leave a Comment

On the surface, Tajfel and Turner’s social identity theory can seem complex as there are multiple parts and some of the ideas are really abstract. In our themantic approach we try to break it down, lesson-by-lesson so each of the major concepts of social identity theory are introduced gradually. Remember that one of the first questions you should ask when trying to understand …