Key Studies: Minimal Group Paradigm (SIT – Tajfel et al)

tdixon Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

Background Information Social Identity Theory (read more here) is a theory that attempts to explain inter-group behaviour, and in particular inter-group conflict, discrimination and prejudice. The theory basically explains how four key processes (social comparison, social identity, social categorization and positive distinctiveness) can influence inter-group behaviour. The theory can be used to explain how group conflict may occur, even when there …

Emic and Etic Concepts: An Introduction

tdixon Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

GLT: Using one or more examples, explain “emic” and “etic” concepts.  Emic Concepts: Accounts, descriptions and explanations used to understand culturally specific behaviours. READ MORE: Key studies and emic concepts in THIS BLOG POST Etic Concepts: An explanation used to understand a culture in scientific terms by comparing the culture to others and addressing the universals of human behaviour. Levine’s …

Social Identity Theory: An Introduction

tdixon Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

Tajfel an Turner developed Social Identity Theory (SIT) in the 1960s and 70s. Essentially, it’s a theory that attempts to explain inter-group conflict, including prejudice and discrimination between two groups. Does your behaviour change when you’re in a group? Think about how you might act differently when spending time with your family, and with your friends. Is your self-esteem and self-identity …

What is Social Identity Theory?

tdixon Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

The following is a description of Tajfel and Turner’s SIT, which could also be a model answer for an exam question: “Describe Social Identity Theory”  What is Social Identity Theory? Social Identity Theory (SIT) is a theory proposed by Tajfel and Turner that attempts to explain intergroup behaviour, and in particular, conflict. The theory was an elaboration on Sherif’s Realistic …

Key Study: Piliavin (1969) – Field Experiment

tdixon Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

In this video you might see some factors that influence bystanderism. But as these aren’t published studies, we can’t use these as evidence so following the video is a study that we can use as evidence. [youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z4S1LLrSzVE]   What factors can you see influencing bystanderism the following field experiment by Piliavin’s? Background Information Much of Darley and Latane’s research into …

Key Study: Conformity rates across cultures (Bond and Smith, 1996)

tdixon Social and Cultural Psychology Leave a Comment

There has been a lot of research into the role that culture might play in conformity. In Bond and Smith’s article  they review many different studies that have investigated this idea. However, they found methodological flaws with these studies when trying to use them to make conclusions about social and cultural influences on conformity. So they decided to conduct a meta-analysis of …