Criminology: Charles Whitman Investigation

tdixon Criminology Leave a Comment

Investigation: Because violence is such a broad topic it’s worthwhile to take a look at a particular type of violence. Mass shootings in America are a real and serious problem and something has to be done to reduce, and hopefully, stop them from happening. But before we can figure out a solution and/or prevention strategy, we need to understand why they’re happening. …

Criminology: Social Learning Theory

tdixon Criminology Leave a Comment

Social Learning Theory Children that grow up in violent households might be more prone to violence not only because of the physiological effects of the trauma that may have altered their brain and/or cognitive development, they may have also learned to be violent from watching their parents. Stanford Psychologist Albert Bandura proposed the Social Learning in the 1960s… Key Theory: …

Criminology: Unit Overview

tdixon Criminology Leave a Comment

Relevant Topics The follow are the relevant topics related to the learning outcomes from the IB course that this unit will aim to cover. Social Learning Theory (SCLA) Sociocultural Explanations of Violence (Human Relationships) Exposure to Violence (Human Relationships) Strategies to Reduce Violence (Human Relationships) Grade 12s can also opt to make connections to topics already covered last year: Neurotransmission Hormones …

Criminology: Introduction

tdixon Criminology, Curriculum, General Interest Leave a Comment

In the middle of the night on August 1st, 1966, 26-year-old Charles Whitman sat down at his typewriter in his house and began typing a letter. It begins: “…I don’t really understand myself these days. I am supposed to be an average reasonable and intelligent young man. However, lately (I don’t recall when it started) I have been a victim …

Observation Considerations

tdixon Qualitative Research Methods Leave a Comment

What you need to know… There a range of factors that researchers must consider when they are planning, settting up and carrying out observational research. Here are just some of these factors. Audience Effect: this is when people get nervous about doing an activity while others are watching. This is also a factor that influences bystanderism (some people are reluctant to help …

Criminology: An introduction

tdixon Criminology Leave a Comment

Brain Function: The Frontal Lobe and the Prefrontal Cortex Numerous studies have shown that there are correlations found between brain function and violent behaviour. In order to fully understand these studies, it’s important to have a general understanding of some of the functions of these parts of the brain. The brain is labelled as having different “lobes”. The frontal lobe is …

True, Natural and Field Experiments

tdixon Research Methodology Leave a Comment

What you need to know… There is a difference between a “true experiment” a “field experiment” and  a “natural experiment”. These separate experimental methods are commonly used in psychological research and they each have their strengths and limitations. True Experiments A true experiment is one where: the researcher has controlled for the influence of extraneous variables (i.e. factors that may potentially become …

Hypotheses (HL)

tdixon Internal Assessment (IB), Research Methodology 3 Comments

What you need to know…             HL students need to have an experimental and a null hypothesis. They should make note if their experimental hypothesis is one-tailed or two-tailed as this will be important when they come to conduct the statistical tests. When researchers make a prediction it’s only natural to want to “prove” that prediction right. So a null …

The Jigsaw Classroom: An effective strategy to reduce violence?

tdixon Uncategorized Leave a Comment

Jigsaw Classroom to Reduce Violence Sherif’s Realistic Conflict Theory What is goal interdependence? What did Sherif do to reduce conflict between the groups? In the Robber’s Cave Experiment, Sherif and his colleagues divided boys into two groups and encouraged competition between the two. To test under what circumstances the stereotypes and conflict between the groups (Eagles and Rattlers) could be …