What you need to be able to do…
These are the learning targets for the HL unit. Any of these could form the basis of an exam question (those highlighted in blue are unlikely to be exam questions, however).
Unit #1: Observations
Semester One, Grade 11 (15 Lessons)
- Distinguish between qualitative and quantitative data.
- Evaluate participant, non‑participant, naturalistic, overt and covert observations.
- Discuss considerations involved in setting up and carrying out an observation (for example, audience effect, Hawthorne effect, disclosure).
- Discuss how researchers analyse data obtained in observational research.
- Explain effects of participant expectations and researcher bias in qualitative research.
- Explain reflexivity in qualitative research.
Unit #2: Case Studies
Semester Two: Grade 11 (15 Lessons)
- Evaluate the use of case studies in research.
- Explain how a case study could be used to investigate a problem in an organization or group (for example, a football team, a school, a family).
- To what extent can findings be generalized from a single case study.
- Discuss sampling techniques appropriate to qualitative research (for example, purposive sampling, snowball sampling).
- Explain the importance of credibility in qualitative research.
- Explain the effect of triangulation on the credibility/trustworthiness of qualitative research.
Unit #3: Interviews and General Framework
Semester One: Grade 12 (15 lessons)
- Evaluate semi‑structured, focus group and narrative interviews.
- Discuss considerations involved before, during and after an interview (for example, sampling method, data recording, traditional versus postmodern transcription, debriefing).
- Explain how researchers use inductive content analysis (thematic analysis) on interview transcripts.
- Discuss ethical considerations in qualitative research.
- Examine to what extent findings can be generalized from qualitative studies.
- Explain strengths and limitations of a qualitative approach to research.